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Bureau of Ethnic Indians


Bureau of Ethnic Indian and Freedmen Affairs



Wisdom of the Bear

"The strength of the people is in the wisdom of the bear…he holds great powers of many spirits"--Burgess Roye, Artist-Enid, Oklahoma.

*Contributed by Principal Chief Puhlki Hosh Binili Nita (Al "Running Bear" Molette) Chunchula Alabama Band of Mississippi Choctaw


“Responding to numerous inquiries regarding status of the Legal Affairs of Ethnic (Black) Indians and Freedmen of the 5 Civilized Tribes, since 2004”


A bona fide movement is underway to establish, as a permanent Mission of the 5 Tribes Embassy, a Bureau of Ethnic Indian and Freedmen Affairs within *the geographical boundaries of the original land set-aside as a permanent home for the Indians of the United States, initially established in 1817, confirmed by the boundaries of various Indian Treaties, ratified by Congress in 1834, as "Indian Territory" through the Indian Intercourse Act.  


The same-said geographical jurisdiction was also identified by landslide vote, election and ratification of the Sequoyah Constitution on November 7, 1905 by the people of the Indian Territory [Indian-Black and White] as the" State of Sequoyah," now known as the State of Oklahoma [the Choctaw word for "Red Man"] for Indians.


*[ “When Thomas Jefferson was president of the United States, he undertook to set aside the land west of the Mississippi River as a permanent home for the Indians of the United States. In 1817, the area now known as North Dakota, South Dakota, Nebraska, Kansas and Oklahoma was known as the “Indian Territory,” being inhabited almost entirely by Indians, many of whom had never seen a white person."]


It is our aim to draw upon core Administrators and Legal Allies at Harvest Institute Freedmen Federation of Washington, D.C., Black Indians United Legal Defense and Education Fund Member Nations, Human Rights, Reparations, and Justice Tribunal Advocates, Educators and Allied Nations to build a proper Commission to aid Ethnic Native Americans and Freedmen  in our self-determined efforts to achieve parity, self-rule, true Economic Justice and Liberation for our peoples.


Angela Molette, Principal Chief of the United Tuscaloosa Band of the Choctaw Nation, serving in her capacity as Representative and Spokesperson for Black Indians United Legal Defense and Education Fund, Inc., has, since 2004 responded to numerous inquiries regarding status on the Legal Affairs of Ethnic (Black) Indigenous Indians and Freedmen of the 5 Civilized Tribes.

In conversation with fellow “One Nation” Advocate Gary Metallic, Hereditary Chief Mi’kmaq Nation on the status/condition of the Ethnic Protectorate, Entitlement Group and 1866 Treaty Beneficiaries--Ethnic Black Indians and Freedmen of the 5 Civilized Tribes--received from Chief Metalllic a reminder of the (then-May 2008) upcoming U.S. Tour of Tribal Nations, The Honorable Mr. Doudou Diène, Special Rapporteur of the Commission on Human Rights on Contemporary Forms of Racism, Racial Discrimination, Xenophobia and Related Intolerance, OHCHR-UNOG (from his base in Geneva, Switzerland).


The result of Chief Metallic’s gentle reminder was Molette’s Addendum Shadow report prepared May 28, 2008 entitled;


Ethnic Indigenous Native Americans
Black Indians
And Indian Freedmen of the 5 Civilized Tribes
Addendum Shadow Report

On The Occasion Of Its Review


The Consolidated Indigenous Shadow Report

Presented by

the International Indian Treaty Council


The United Nations Committee

On The Elimination of Racial Discrimination


Prepared May 2008

The Shadow Report was promptly submitted to the U.N. Commission.

The same report was sent to incoming U.N. Special Rapporteur, James Anaya.


A natural outgrowth of Chief Gary Metallic’s reminder to Angela Molette, was a self-funded study to determine the history of Fiscal Responsibility for Freedmen Affairs, including development of Diplomatic Corps, Mission Boards, Education Boards-(Religious/Philanthropic), Foreign Indian Affairs Bureaus, the U.S. Consulate, Dispatching of Consular Agents, Department of War, Establishment of the Indian Affairs Commission, Dawes Commission, Freedmen Bureau and handling of Enabling Acts, Land Grants, Treaty Mandates and Trusts relating to them.


Extra effort was put into determination of the reasons for abandonment and effect of disbanding Federal Agency Efforts to address Freedmen Affairs after the U.S. Department of War relinquished its handling of Ethnic Indian Affairs, to the U.S. Bureau of Indian Affairs run by civilians.


U.S. War Department

In August 1789, the U.S. War Department, headed by the Secretary of War with cabinet rank, was created to organize and maintain the U.S. Army--under the command of the President in time of peace and war. Subsequent legislation expanded the department's organization, and until 1903 the commanding general of the army and various staff departments aided the Secretary in guiding the military establishment. Its supervision of naval affairs was soon transferred (April, 1798) to the U.S. Department of the Navy.

The War Department supervised quasimilitary matters, such as the distribution of bountry lands, pensions, Indian Affairs, and the Reconstruction of the South after the Civil War, but by the 20th century the only such responsibilities that remained were the construction of public works in connection with rivers, harbors and the maintenance and operation of the Panama Canal.